Example of English Collocation

NO

COLLOQATION

SENTENCE

EXPLANATION

PIVOT

COLLOQATE

WORD

SOURCE LANGUAGE

TARGET LANGUAGE

1 Make Make a lot of noise Our neighbors make a lot of noise. They have three young children, they all play musical instruments, and the wall is rather thin. Tetangga kami berbisik sekali. Mereka memiliki tiga anak kecil, mereka semua bermain alat musik, dan dindingnya agak tipis. Make is one of English word that can be merged with another word – can be a word or a group of words – to make a collocation. Make is called the pivot and a lot of noise, breakfast, supper, the bed, a lot of mistake are called the collocates, the words accompanying the pivot word. According to the sentences, make a lot of noise means make a fuss over somebody; make supper means the last meal of the day, a smaller meal than dinner before going to bed; make the bed means arrange the bed so that it is neat and ready for use; make a lot of mistakes means produce many errors of something.
    Make breakfast My dad used to get up first every morning, makes breakfast for everybody, have his own, and then go to work as we were all getting up. Ayahku dulu yang biasa bangun pagi pertama kali, membuatkan sarapan untuk semua orang lalu ia sarapan, dan kemudian pergi bekerja ketika kami bangun.
    Make supper Due to her gastric juice disease, she gets used to make supper at midnight. Karena sakit asam lambungnya, dia jadi biasa membuat makan malam pada tengah malam.
    Make the bed He never makes his bed. His room always looks a mess. Dia tidak pernah merapikan tempat tidurnya. Kamarnya selalu berantakan.
    Make a lot of mistakes Even though I speak English quite well, I still make a lot of mistakes, and that irritate me. Meskipun saya berbicara bahasa Inggris sangat baik, saya masih saja banyak membuat kesalahan, hal itu menjengkelkan.
2 Stay Stay a part She misses her family so much because she cannot stay a part from her mother. Dia sangat merindukan keluarganya karena dia tidak bisa berpisah dari ibunya. Stay is also one of English word that can be merged with another word – can be a word or a group of words – to make a collocation. Stay is called the pivot and a part, away, strong, alone, cool are called the collocates, the words accompanying the pivot word. According to the sentences, stay a part means being far from somebody; stay away means not going near a particular person; stay strong means being not easily upset, frightened, and influenced by other people; stay alone means being the only one in a certain place; stay cool means being a calm person.
    Stay away After the rehabilitation, now he can stay away from drugs. Setelah rehabilitasi, sekarang dia dapat menjauh dari narkoba.
    Stay strong Although she is a single parent but she stays strong to grow her child up. Walaupun dia adalah orang tua tunggal tetapi dia tetap tegar membesarkan anaknya.
    Stay alone She stays alone in her home because her parents went to Bali last night. Dia tinggal sendiri di rumahnya karena orangtuanya pergi ke Bali tadi malam.
    Stay cool She needs to stay cool in facing the problem. Dia perlu tetap tenang dalam menghadapi masalah tersebut.
3 Wine Red wine I couldn’t believe that he likes consuming red wine in his teenage years. Saya tidak percaya bahwa dia suka mengkonsumsi anggur merah di masa mudanya. Wine is another English word that can be merged with another word – can be a word or a group of words – to make a collocation. Wine is called the pivot and red, sweet, elderberry, rose, dry are called the collocates, the words accompanying the pivot word. According to the sentences, red wine, sweet wine, rose wine, dry wine is kinds of an alcoholic drink made from the juice of grapes that has been left to ferment; elderberry wine is an alcoholic drink made from plants or fruits other than grapes, it is elderberry (fruit).
    Sweet wine We had ever drunk a bottle of sweet wine at the backyard of our school after the class. Kami pernah minum anggur manis di belakang sekolah seusai belajar.
    Elderberry wine Elderberry wine is more delicious than other kinds of wine I ever tasted. Anggur murbei lebih nikmat dibanding jenis minuman anggur lainnya yang pernah saya minum.
    Rose wine When someone gets stress, just give him a small glass of rose wine to make him relax and under control. Ketika seseorang sedang suntuk, berikan saja anggur merah (seperti bunga mawar) untuk membuatnya relaks dan terkontrol.
    Dry wine Don’t ever try to consume the dry wine for it will make you drunk and lose control. Jangan pernah mencoba anggur keras karena itu akan membuatmu mabuk dan kehilangan kontrol.
4 High Pile high The sink was piled high with dishes. Bak cuci piring itu dipenuhi piring. High is also one of English word that can be merged with another word – can be a word or a group of words – to make a collocation. Stay is called the pivot and pile, aim, fly, run, ride are called the collocates, the words accompanying the pivot word. According to the sentences, piled high means to load something with something; aimed high means being an ambitious person; fly high means at or to a higher position; run high means a feeling of becoming strong and angry; ride high means being successful.
    Aim high She has always aimed high. Dia selalu berkeinginan keras.
    Fly high The eagle is flying high Burung Elang itu terbang tinggi.
    Run high He has suddenly run high after seeing his children almost have been kidnapped. Dia tiba-tiba marah setelah melihat anaknya hampir diculik.
    Ride high The company is riding high this year. Perusahaan itu sedang berhasil tahun ini.
5 Take Take over I was asked by my boss to take over the project handled by Frank. Saya diminta untuk mengambil alih proyek yang awalnya ditangani oleh Frank.

Take is the last English word in this paper that can be mingled with another word – can be a word or a group of words – to make a collocation. Take is called the pivot and over, away, in, off, to are called the collocates, the words accompanying the pivot word. According to the sentences, take over means begin to have control someone’s duties or responsibilities; take apart means separate mingled; take in means to deceive or make someone believes of our argument; take off means leave the ground and fly; take to means to go away to a particular place.

    Take away John and Ann have taken away since Ann has found the other cute guy. John dan Ann telah berpisah karena Ann telah menemukan pria keren yang  lain.
    Take in She has taken me in that her husband is the only one to blame. Dia menipu saya bahwa suaminya adalah satu-satunya orang yang disalahkan.
    Take off I can’t believe that I found my new sweetheart in five minutes after my ex-boyfriend’s airplane has taken off. Saya tidak habis pikir dapat menemukan pacar baru hanya lima menit setelah penerbangan mantan pacar saya.
    Take to I took to Farm Village yesterday to exile. Saya pergi ke Farm Village kemarin untuk mengasingkan diri.

 

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